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First Aid Kit for Medical Emergencies

A First-Aid Kit Should Include

  1. Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  2. Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  3. Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  4. Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  5. Latex Gloves
  6. Thermometer
  7. Scissor
  8. Safety Pins
  9. Sterile Saline/Distilled Water


First-Aid Kit for Sting


What to Expect

Allergic reactions may include mild nausea and intestinal cramps, diarrhoea, or swelling larger than two inches (five centimeters) in diameter at the site. 


See your doctor promptly if you experience any of these signs and symptoms.

Severe reactions may progress rapidly.

Call for emergency medical assistance, if the following signs or symptoms occur:

  1. Difficulty in breathing
  2. Swelling of the lips or throat
  3. Dizziness
  4. Confusion
  5. Rapid heartbeat
  6. Nausea, cramps and vomiting


Home Care

While waiting with an affected person for medical help, do the following:

  1. Have the person lie still on his or her back with feet higher than the head
  2. Loosen tight clothing and cover the person with a blanket. Don't give anything to drink
  3. Turn the person onto his or her side to prevent choking, if there's vomiting or bleeding from the mouth
  4. Begin CPR, if there are no signs of circulation, such as breathing, coughing or movement


First-Aid Kit for Snake Bites

What to Expect

  1. Fang Marks
  2. Swelling
  3. Bloody Discharge
  4. Burning Sensation
  5. Excessive Sweating
  6. Vomiting
  7. Fever
  8. Convulsions
  9. Increase in Thirst


Home Care

  1. Calm the victim
  2. Wash the wound
  3. Immobilise the affected area
  4. Apply a cold compress
  5. Apply a firm tie 2-4 inches above the bite
  6. Monitor pulse, respiration and a blood pressure
  7. Rush to the nearest hospital


First-Aid Kit for Tooth Injury

Tooth injury refers to chips, cracks or breaks in a tooth that can be caused due to biting down on something hard, being hit in the face/mouth, falling or having cavities.


What to Expect

  1. Tooth looks fine but hurts only when you eat or drink something hot or cold
  2. Tooth may hurt all the time if blood vessels are damaged. If not, the tooth removed from the socket will cause pain, discolouration and swelling
  3. Knocked tooth will cause pain, discolouration and swelling


When to Rush to the Doctor

  1. Tooth is knocked off
  2. Pain persists


Home Care

  1. Handle your tooth by the top or crown only
  2. Don't rub it or scrape it to remove debris
  3. Gently rinse your tooth in a bowl of tap water, not running water
  4. Try to replace your tooth in the socket
  5. If it doesn't go down all the way, bite down gently on gauze or a moistened tea bag to keep it in place until you see your dentist
  6. If you can't replace your tooth in the socket, immediately place it in some milk, your own saliva, warm water or a mild saltwater solution (¼ teaspoon salt in 1 litre water)


First-Aid Kit for Other Medical Emergencies


Brain Stroke

In case of a brain stroke, seek immediate medical assistance as Brain Stroke is a major emergency. The sooner treatment is started, the more likely it is that damage can be minimised. Keep the word F.A.S.T in mind to help remember the warning signs.

  1. Face - Does the face droop on one side while trying to smile?
  2. Arms - Is one arm lower when trying to raise both arms?
  3. Speech - Can a simple sentence be repeated? Is speech slurred or strange?
  4. Time - During a Brain Stroke every minute counts


Call 011-40554055 immediately for an ambulance.


Spinal Injury

In case someone has a spinal injury, keep the person still. Place heavy towels on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent any movement. Provide as much first aid as possible without moving the person's head or neck. If the person is wearing a helmet, don't remove it. Call for an ambulance immediately.


Severe External Bleeding

In case of severe external bleeding, apply pressure directly on the wound until the bleeding stops. Use a sterile bandage or clean cloth. Maintain continuous pressure for at least 20 minutes without looking to see if the bleeding has stopped. Keep the pressure by binding the wound tightly with a bandage, a clean cloth or even an adhesive tape. Use your hands if nothing else  is available. Seek immediate medical attention.

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